The following is taken from Bernard Getz, Morality vs. Slogans, Center for the Study of Ethics and Society/Western Michigan University, Vol. 3, No. 2, December 1989.
Question 1: relativism argues that morality is linked to culture, historical time periods and even subgroups. Explain what this means. how do the doctrines of ethical objectivism and ethical universalism contrast with the notion of relativism.
Question 2: explain the doctrine of pragmatic relativism.in what way is sociological functionalism related to it? how does the doctrine of pragmatic relativism (and sociological functionalism)operate in everyday criminal courtroom deliberations? In decisions linked to probation or parole?
In decisions to waive (or not)juveniles to the adult system
Question 3: Do you believe there is an objective sense in which “right” and “wrong” can be identified? What does the notion of metaethical relativism say about this? If there is no objective ethical basis by which behavior can be deemed “right” or “wrong” what are the implications for criminal justice practice (consider law enforcement , court administration, and correctional work, specifically)?
Question 4: In your opinion, is Gert correct in reasoning that morals rules are universal?
Question 5: To what extent the pro-con argument about capital punishment based upon facts or values? Briefly discuss capital punishment from both adeontological and utilitarian ethical perspective.