History of the United States
Four students were killed by National Guard troops during an antiwar protest on a college campus. Trust in the government decreased among the youth.
American soldiers destroyed villages and killed hundreds of unarmed South Vietnamese civilians while pursuing the Vietcong. It convinced many Americans that the Vietnam War was senseless and needed to end. #killingtheinnocent
Secret government documents that were leaked to the public in 1971. They exposed mistakes, lies, and illegal actions of government officials regarding the war. It confirmed for many Americans that the government was untrustworthy.
Lowered tensions between countries. #tensionchillout
North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam and captured its capital city. #Vietnamcommietakeover
Limited the president’s war power and returned more of this power to Congress.
Nixon gave states the power and funding to run programs that were previously run by the federal government
During Nixon’s 1972 reelection campaign, men were caught breaking into the Democrat Party’s headquarters, hoping to steal secret information and wiretap the rooms.
Nixon denied being connected to the break-in. After witness testimony that revealed that Nixon’s conversation might connect him to the break-in, he refused to give up the tapes due to “executive privilege”. The United States v. Nixon Supreme Court case ruled that Nixon was not above the law and he was ordered to release the
The idea that minority groups, including immigrants, should embrace their unique culture. #maintainyourculture
A program aimed to prevent discrimination by requiring schools and businesses to recruit minorities #affirmingdiversity
A Pennsylvania power plant that experienced a partial meltdown. #Pennsylvaniameltdown
Economic condition of job stagnation and inflation. #badandworse
Due to American support of Israel, Arab-Muslim members of OPEC placed an oil embargo on the United States, causing gas shortages, higher gas prices, and inflation. #araboilshortage
President Carter mediated an agreement between Israel and Egypt, where Israel returned Egyptian land and Egypt became the first Arab- Muslim country in the Middle East to recognize Israel as a nation. #israelandegyptmovestowardpeace
Americans remained hostages in Iran during the Iranian Revolution and Carter’s efforts to free them failed. #captiveAmericansinIran
Invaded by the Soviet Union in an attempt to establish communism in 1979. The United States helped fight the Soviet Union, which ended the detente. Through Reagan, military aid was sent to deter communism. #stopcommunisminthemiddleeast
A belief that the government should have a large role in society and that it should regulate the economy, business, and favor labor unions, and also create programs to help disadvantaged Americans. Often associated with the Democratic Party. #governmentforthepeople
Distrust in the government and that belief that it should be limited by adopting laissez-faire economic and business policies and limit programs so it promotes more individual responsibility. #governmentnotforthepeople
Carter had become unpopular due to the poor economy, the ongoing Iranian Hostage Crisis, and rising Cold War tension. Conservative Republican candidate Ronald Reagan easily won this election #strugglesleadbacktoconservatism
Reagan’s aggressive policy to defeat communism by helping anti- communism groups worldwide. #stopcommunismnomatterthecost
Reagan’s major military buildup to fight the Cold War and deter communism. #biggunsdetercommunism
Reagan’s policy of lowering taxes, especially for wealthy business owners, so they could invest more in their businesses. In theory, it would create more jobs and raise wages so prosperity would trickle down to the middle and lower classes. It mostly benefited the upper classes #notaxesonthewealthy
A new deadly disease that spread rapidly in the United States. Those who contracted the disease were discriminated against because it first appeared among homosexual men and intravenous drug users. There is still no cure for this disease. #discriminatorydisease
Stores sold items in bulk, enabling them to lower prices. #buybulkforlowerprices
Cable and satellite television grew and television networks were created that specialized in subjects of news, sports, and movies. Video games also grew as a course of home entertainment.
The Space Shuttle Challenger exploded on live television shortly after takeoff. #spaceexpectationschallenged
An anti-missile defense system nicknamed “Star Wars” that used space satellites and lasers. #unrealisticbutcool
Rose to power in the Soviet Union as its economy continued to struggle. He introduced major reforms to try and save the Soviet economy, but ultimately failed. #justdoyourbestgorbachev
In 1985, Congress passed a law that forbid further aid to the contras in Nicaragua. Members of Reagan’s administration began secretly selling weapons to Iran in exchange for help in freeing American hostages in the Middle East. In turn, the money from these sales was illegally sent to contras in Nicaragua.
Vice president to Reagan, eventually elected as president in 1988. #carryingtherepublicantorch
An anti-communist protest that took place in China, which was violently crushed by the Chinese communist government. It sparked international outrage