Human rationality philosophy term paper
John Rawls, Justice as Fairnes vs Robert Nozick, Justice as Entitlement
Instructor’s course description for Winter 2020: What is human rationality, and how does it pertain to politics? Should political discourse, planning, and decision-making aspire to satisfy philosophical standards of rationality? How should those standards be understood? In what ways might our philosophical canons of rationality contain implicit gender, racial, and cultural biases? Can we understand other cultures as equally rational? Are political conspiracy theories rational? Might the very idea of human rationality itself be part of a vast historical conspiracy of political domination? From what forms of political irrationality might we be suffering? How might we ameliorate such problems? Human rationality philosophy term paper
The capstone experience in Department of Philosophy is supposed to be fairly comprehensive, ranging from logic, metaphysics, and epistemology, to ethical, social, and political philosophy. Accordingly, we will start by examining an attempt to reconstruct introductory logic for the purpose of addressing problems of political disagreement, move through a series of philosophical and scientific reflections on the limits of political rationality, and end by critically evaluating a recent philosophical manifesto regarding the best way to fight against the forces of political irrationality. Course requirements and grading policy:
Schedule of assignments:
T 1/7: Introduction
R 1/9: Aikin & Talisse, chapters 1-4.
T 1/14: Aikin & Talisse, chapters 5-9.
R 1/16: Aikin & Talisse, chapters 10-15.
T 1/21: Wallace, R. Jay, “Practical Reason”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/practical-reason/
R 1/23: Daniel Kahneman, “Maps of Bounded Rationality: A Perspective on Intuitive Judgment and Choice, Nobel Prize Lecture, December 8, 2002.
T 1/28: Briggs, R. A., “Normative Theories of Rational Choice: Expected Utility”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2019 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2019/entries/rationality-normative-utility
R 1/30: John Rawls, “Justice as Fairness,” The Philosophical Review 67(2), 1958. https://www2.southeastern.edu/Academics/Faculty/jbell/rawls1.pdf; &
T 2/4: Robert Nozick, “Justice as Entitlement,” from Anarchy, State, and Utopia, New York, NY: Basic Books, 1974. https://dascolihum.com/uploads/CH_46_Nozick_Justice_and_Entitlement.pdf
R 2/6: Michael Oakeshott, “Rationalism in Politics,” Cambridge Journal , Volume I, 1947. https://web.archive.org/web/20041205054654/http://www.mugu.com/cgi-bin/Upstream/oakeshott-rationalism-politics. Human rationality philosophy term paper