Models of Addiction and Disability Essay
This paper looks at drug abuse or substance misuse, comparing the current to historical perspectives of the same. It looks at how the trait actually started and how people have picked it up over the recent years. For example, historically drugs were plant-based and were usually used for treatment, and people didn’t have a deep overview of addiction even though the effects of the drugs were still as hard on the body as today. Additionally, it looks into various theories that explain drug addiction, namely moral theory, disease theory, genetic theory, behavioral theory and sociocultural theory. They all make absolute sense, but none of the five can stand on its own and claim to tackle drug abuse as a whole, maybe just a small part. Finally, the paper analyses the theories and makes sense of what they mean. Models of Addiction and Disability Essay
Drug abuse also known as substance misuse is a worldwide issue and has been there for such a long time, only that back in the day the consumption and perception was different. Before, drug abuse was primarily related to plant products and alcohol. However, despite being made from natural substances, the impact on the body was still the same. An example is an opium which was used by surgeons to dull pain during surgery, but continued use made the patients earn for more which led to addiction. There was no much information about addiction then, but once it became clear rules and regulations were put in place to minimize the number of the people affected. Currently, there is a lot of information concerning the same unlike before, which makes it easier to develop new ways and methods of dealing with the problem. Models of Addiction and Disability Essay
There are various theories that try to explain substance abuse and addiction. The moral theory states that one becomes addicted because they have no morals, otherwise the willpower to say no or just take enough of the drug. Disease theory states that alcoholics suffer from an illness, and are not aware of it until they start using and it’s not really their fault. Genetic theory leans towards genetic factors, and also the history of a parent using drugs, the degree of life sustainability and personal traits. In behavioral theory, users get some form of reward which makes them use more and more so as to get the same satisfaction. Last but not least, the sociocultural theory looks at the social life, whereby alcoholism is viewed as a good thing especially due to peer pressure and people want to try it out so as to remain relevant. Models of Addiction and Disability Essay
Looking at the theories provided, none alone can absolutely cover alcoholism or drug abuse, since different people are affected by different things. Each, however, covers an area that is relevant and plays a major role when it comes to addiction. A child growing up with an alcoholic father or mother will either follow suit or completely stay away from it depending on the treatment and exposure that they got. Drug use might be cool on campus, but it doesn’t mean that every student falls a victim to peer pressure. What’s important is that all this information is available and can be used to come up with effective means of trying to minimize the effects since it’s not a problem that can disappear all at once. People around these victims obviously play a major role in the healing process, so having the right information helps them act accordingly. Fact is it all narrows down to personal choice. No one can be forced to quit drugs, and if they do chances of relapsing are high. They just have to hit rock bottom and decide on their own. Models of Addiction and Disability Essay
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