Physical Disability and Substance Use Essay
The paper focuses on spinal cord injury as a form of physical disability, and the effect of drugs whether legal or illegal have on it. It first focuses on the injury, with causes such as accidents, acts of violence or falls, and also the effects such as loss of bowel control, loss of movement and difficulty in breathing or coughing. It also looks at the positive side which is functional capacities for example help with managing pain and participation in the day to day activities. Lastly, it focuses on functional limitations such as interference with the healing process, addiction, and overreliance.
Spinal cord injury is as a result of damage to any part of the spinal cord, or even the nerves at the end of it. It’s a very serious injury since it could lead to permanent changes in sensation, strength and other body functions. These include but not limited to loss of bowel control, difficulty when breathing or coughing, loss of movement and exaggerated reflex activities. The most common causes of spinal cord injury are diseases like cancer or arthritis, alcohol, acts of violence, falls or motor vehicle accidents. As such, this is not something that one is ever prepared for. It takes a toll on one’s patience and tolerance since it’s such a painful process both physically and mentally. It’s very common for these patients to be constantly on medication especially heavy painkillers, and that could lead to addiction whether knowingly or unknowingly. Physical Disability and Substance Use Essay
Most of these patients do not just decide to start using drugs. Theirs is an innocent compliance with the doctor’s prescription so that they can be able to manage the pain and get better. With managed pain, they are able to forget their problems for a minute and relate with people surrounding them. When they start getting better they can go back to things they love which play a huge role in the recovery process.
However, these drugs also prey on the functional limitation of a person. Remember that most of these drugs are prescribed by the doctor and are an important part of the healing process. Sadly, the addiction kicks in and many indulge in other substances such as heroin which lead to addiction or substance use disorder (SUD). One of the negative effects of these illegal drugs is that it interferes with the rehabilitation services, which means that the health of the patient does not improve but rather deteriorates. Alcohol, for example, can interfere with some prescribed medications such as the anti-seizure medications. Drug use leads to impaired coordination and muscle control, as well as cognition. The patient is no longer self-aware and reduces their ability to follow self-care regimens. Communication with other people deteriorates which leads to social isolation. They also inhibit educational advancement and if one was employed, could lead to job loss as well as house instability. What’s worse is that it could lead to another disabling disease such as depression. Physical Disability and Substance Use Essay
Drugs, whether legal, illegal and prescribed or over the counter have the ability to affect both the functional capabilities and functional limitations of a person. Prescribed ones are good since they help with recovery and help one try to fit back into the society. However, continued use could lead to addiction and that is where physicians need to be careful and notice early signs before someone develops a liking for other drugs especially illegal ones which will not only hinder the recovery process but also makes it worse. Physical Disability and Substance Use Essay
Janikowski, T. P. (2007). Journal of Rehabilitation, The Functional Limitations of Clients.
Samhsa. (2011). Substance Use Disorders in People With physical and sensory disabilities. Samhsa.
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