The Toulmin model Essay Review this week’s lecture on The Toulmin Model and past weeks’ lectures on Appealing to Ethos, Logos, and Pathos and Claims and Counterclaims in Argument. After reviewing these lectures, skim over the following selections in Everything’s an Argument with Readings: “They Should Stop: In Defense of the Singular They” (650-56) “Thick of Tongue” (657-66) “from The Power of Words” (667-76) “The Careless Language of Sexual Violence” (682-88) “How Latino Players Are Helping Major League Baseball Learn Spanish” (689-95) After skimming over these essays, choose one essay to read and examine closely. After selecting this one essay, complete the following activities by Saturday at 11:59 p.m. Do not wait until the last minute to post part 1 of this assignment! The Toulmin model Essay (If you wait until the last minute, you–and potentially others–will be unable to complete part 2 of the assignment.) Please note that you will not be able to see other students’ messages in this discussion until after your own initial message has been posted. Please read the following instructions carefully. 1. Using the one essay you selected to examine closely from the essays listed above, post a thoughtful message that explains, in some depth, whether or not the essay, in your opinion, follows the Toulmin Model to present its argument. If you believe that the essay does use the Toulmin Model to present its argument, then explain (numbered and in order) the following: What is the essay’s case and claim? Does the essay note qualifiers and/or exceptions? The Toulmin model Essay Is the essay’s claim based on value, policy, cause/effect, fact, or definition? What particular reasons support the essay’s argument? How does the essay explain why these reasons are important and compelling? What specific evidence is used to back/support the essay’s reasons? How (and where in the essay) are opposing points of view acknowledged and explained? The Toulmin model EssayHow (and where in the essay) are opposing points of view refuted? If you believe that the essay does not use the Toulmin Model to present its argument, then explain (numbered and in order) the following: Which particular aspects of the Toulmin Model (case, claim, reasons, why the reasons are important/compelling, evidence to support reasons, opposing points of view, and/or rebuttal of opposing points of view) seem to be missing? In order to use the Toulmin Model, how would the essay need to be revised and restructured? What additional ideas/information would the essay need to include? Your message should: clearly identify, by title and author, the essay you are discussing, be written using complete and grammatically correct sentences, go beyond simply summarizing (or re-telling) the essay’s argument, go beyond simply agreeing or disagreeing with the ideas or argument in the essay, use multiple specific details, examples, and/or direct quotations from the essay itself to thoroughly illustrate and support your opinion concerning whether or not the essay uses the Toulmin Model, not be repetitive of messages or ideas that have already been posted by other students, and not be plagiarized from someone or somewhere else. (Do not copy ideas from the Internet, for example. The Toulmin model Essay I want to see your analysis of the essay, not a web site’s or other person’s analysis of the essay.) In regards to this week’s Analyzing the Toulmin Model discussion, please know that, as you are discussing whether or not this week’s assigned essays from Everything’s an Argument with Readings follow the Toulmin Model, I am not necessarily looking for a “right” or a “wrong” answer about each essay. What I am looking for, instead, is simply how you are explaining your analysis–because I can tell, from your explanation, whether or not you are understanding how the Toulmin Model works. So if you and another student disagree about whether or not an essay is using the Toulmin Model, then that is perfectly okay. Just talk through your ideas with one another in the discussion board, and be sure, from your messages and responses, that I can tell what your thought process is. The Toulmin model Essay Again, how you are explaining your ideas is more important than a “right” or a “wrong” analysis. As you are considering whether or not a particular essay uses the Toulmin Model, keep the following in mind: Most essays that use the Toulmin Model will have a somewhat combative, aggressive, or argumentative tone–because the author of the essay is trying to prove that his or her argument is better, more logical, more trustworthy, or more correct than other arguments about the same topic. Most essays that use the Toulmin Model will explain and refute/disprove opposing points of view (or counterclaims) throughout the essay. Opposing points of view will not be ignored, left out, or overlooked, and opposing points of view will be systematically discussed and refuted/disproved throughout the essay (not just at the end of the essay). The writer of a Toulmin argument wants to win the argument and is not looking to compromise or reach any kind of agreement with opposing points of view.